astrophysics

  • David C. Jewitt
  • Jane X. Luu
  • Michael Edwards Brown

"for discovering and characterizing the Kuiper Belt and its largest members, work that led to a major advance in the understanding of the history of our planetary system"


2012

nanoscience

  • Mildred S. Dresselhaus

"for her pioneering contributions to the study of phonons, electron-phonon interactions, and thermal transport in nanostructures"


2012

neuroscience

  • Cornelia Isabella Bargmann
  • Winfried Denk
  • Ann Martin Graybiel

"for elucidating basic neuronal mechanisms underlying perception and decision"


2012