astrophysics

  • Alan H. Guth
  • Andrei D. Linde
  • Alexei A. Starobinsky

“for pioneering the theory of cosmic inflation.”


2014

nanoscience

  • Thomas W. Ebbesen
  • Stefan W. Hell
  • Sir John B. Pendry

“for their transformative contributions to the field of nano-optics that have broken long-held beliefs about the limitations of the resolution limits of optical microscopy and imaging.”


2014

neuroscience

  • Brenda Milner
  • John O’Keefe
  • Marcus E. Raichle

“for the discovery of specialized brain networks for memory and cognition."


2014